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  • On Dec 31, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announced a nationwide ban on many of the flavored pods that have felt ubiquitous in recent years—a dramatic move that will nonetheless be seen as a small victory within the vaping community after a year-long battle to keep at least some of their products in stores.The HHS is ordering that makers of electronic nicotine delivery systems—including e-cigarettes and vaping products—stop the manufacturing, distribution, and sale of these pods within 30 days, unless they begin an extensive application process for authorization and ensure that sufficient age verification is mandatory in stores and online. But the Trump administration also created some notable exceptions within the policy. Menthol- and tobacco-flavored products will remain available for purchase, and open-tank systems—the devices largely favored among old-school vapers, vape activists, and cloud chasers—will not be pulled from the market either.The agency said that the enforcement policy is primarily a response to the surge in teenage vaping and is aimed at flavored, cartridge-based products, which are popular among young Americans. In addition to the ban, the HHS plans to take action against companies whose marketing is targeted at minors and pursue new public education initiatives in schools. The Trump administration also recently raised the federal age in which to buy tobacco and nicotine products from 18 to 21."By prioritizing enforcement against the products that are most widely used by children, our action today seeks to strike the right public health balance by maintaining e-cigarettes as a potential off-ramp for adults using combustible tobacco while ensuring these products don't provide an on-ramp to nicotine addiction for our youth," Alex Azar, the HHS secretary, said in a statement.Some in the vape industry and tight-knit community had expected an even more stringent ban. At the height of a health scare this past fall, President Donald Trump had urged the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to pull all flavored e-cigarettes from the shelves as people were being hospitalized for "vaping-related illnesses." Reports of the increase in teenage vape use over the past few years only worsened public opinion, even as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tied most of those vape-linked cases to a thickening agent sometimes found in illegal THC cartridges."When the ban was announced in September, the conventional wisdom was that there was little hope of stopping it," said Gregory Conley, the president of the American Vaping Association, a pro-vaping advocacy group.Nevertheless, the vaping community rallied to protect the industry, organizing a November protest in Washington, D.C. Days later, Trump appeared to shift his initial stance, reportedly because advisers had warned him of a political fallout among part of his base. The president said then that he was considering a ban on flavored vaping products that exempted vape shops. The administration hoped such a compromise would please both vape shop owners with strict age-verification procedures and concerned parents whose children were mostly purchasing vape pods from those old enough to buy them."Millions of vapers and thousands of small business owners fought back and attained at least a partial victory in the process," said Conley.The federal move likely won't have much of an effect on JUUL, the vape powerhouse that controls a substantial portion of the U.S. marketplace and has largely been blamed for sparking what the FDA has called a youth vaping "epidemic." Outcries from anti-tobacco organizations like the Truth Initiative prompted the company to remove nearly all of its flavored pods last year—barring tobacco and menthol flavors, a walk-back that virtually mirrors the fed's approach. Other pod-based manufacturers will have to adjust their inventory.Still, insiders in the vape industry and their harm-reduction advocates know that the fight isn't over. A premarket tobacco application (PMTA) deadline looms in May, and the process involved in filing one could cost e-liquid manufacturers. As a result, many fear that they'll be out of luck by spring and watching JUUL—which is partially owned by the Big Tobacco producer Altria—survive and dominate."Hopefully, the FDA will rethink its overall approach to tobacco product regulation and announce a more sensible policy—one that regulates products based on their level of risk,” cautioned Michael Siegel, a professor of community health sciences at Boston University.The approaching PMTA requirement worries nearly every small-business owner in the vape industry, and many view it as a sort of inevitable apocalypse if that fact doesn't change."I'm pleased that this plan allows my business to remain open for the next four months," said Dylan Vogtman, who runs an e-liquid line. "But the PMTA deadline is a ban of its own. The price tag for the application is expensive, and there is no guarantee that it will be accepted or approved."  
    by Alex Norcia 20/01/07 253 0 2
  • Over the weekend, voters asked Bernie Sanders and Joe Biden how they'd handle the vaping crisis as president. They were rare questions—ones that nearly all the Democratic contenders have yet to address. And though the two frontrunners clearly differ on a range of issues, their remarks here were similar: All vape products should be removed from the market.At a rally in Des Moines, Iowa, Biden reportedly said on Saturday that there has to be "serious scientific data as to whether or not it has the kind of long-term damage on the lungs and it causes death before we allow it to be sold." The following day, he came down even stronger, revealing he would eliminate the industry entirely if he determined vaping nicotine to be harmful. Meanwhile, when asked about vaping in his home state of Vermont on Saturday, Sanders initially sounded confused, responding to a college student about the dropout rate before he realized he was answering a question that had not been asked. He then said that "the evidence seems to indicate that vaping is not so good for your health," before adding that "when you have products that are not good for your health, I think you've got to tell that industry that they cannot produce a product which is making our kids sick."A campaign staffer later clarified that's not what Sanders meant—that he would, instead, study the topic more until he found the most appropriate course of action and regulation, according to Politico.The next president, whether it's Trump again or one of his Democratic challengers, will of course have a host of problems to deal with, and proponents of vaping as a harm-reduction tool acknowledge that their passion can sometimes get lost in the mix. But that's no excuse not to learn about it either, particularly as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will have to officially decide which products can stay on the market in May."While there are many big issues in the news right now, the Democratic candidates should at least try to learn a bit about the vaping issue because it's clear the media will be asking them questions," said Matt Culley, a popular YouTuber, vaper, and advocate.  The most generous way you could take Sanders's comment is that he somehow misspoke. But in an atmosphere where vaping narratives have often been conflated—the primary culprit for the vape illnesses that have cropped up around the country over the past few months, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is a thickening agent sometimes used in illicit THC cartridges and not e-liquids containing nicotine—it's even more important to get the facts straight the first time. Especially as other prominent Democrats, like Connecticut Senator Richard Blumenthal, have called for more aggressive tactics and harsher restrictions.Along with Andrew Yang, neither Biden nor Sanders appeared to have intimate knowledge of why people have been getting sick, and they made no mention to the nuances of the whole ordeal. Like the fact that while e-cigarette use among teenagers has risen significantly in the past two years, harm-reduction experts and major public-health scholars have noted that complete prohibition rarely works, and that vaping has lifesaving potential for adults looking to ditch the deadly habit of combustible cigarettes. (The only Democrat running with even a vague vaping policy is Elizabeth Warren.)"In general, this seems to be a result of asymmetric information," said David Sweanor, an adjunct professor in the law department at the University of Ottawa and an expert in the global tobacco industry. "There is an overwhelming focus on the risks of new technology rather than seeing any benefits, or even thinking of how things might be turned to an advantage."The subject was likely weighing on these voters' minds, too, and will be in the months leading up to the election: Days earlier, the Trump administration—after floundering for months on how to tackle skyrocketing youth use of e-cigarettes—had decided to temporarily ban the sale of almost all flavored, pod-based vaping products, until approved by the FDA. In contrast to these Democrats, Trump displayed a rare moment of caution with a seemingly thought-out process; he shifted his thinking from the full-blown flavor ban he teased in September to a more measured compromise between adult vaping advocates and concerned parents who have longed to take down the vape giant JUUL."Biden and Sanders are just like Trump circa September 11 [when he initially announced that flavored vaping products should be banned], except they both ignored the past five months where we learned that tainted THC carts are what got people sick and not nicotine," said Paul Blair, the director of strategic initiatives at the conservative-leaning Americans for Tax Reform. "They also have no concern for the jobs created by the legal market either."
    by Alex Norcia 20/01/07 236 0 0
  •  Angry public health groups on Wednesday predicted President Trump’s scaled-back plan to limit flavored e-cigarettes will fall far short of its goal of stopping a surge in youth vaping, arguing that the imminent policy is an election-year capitulation to industry interests.The administration plans to announce this week that it will ban an array of flavored ?e-cigarette pods — closed cartridges that contain vaping liquids and have been embraced by teens. But it will spare e-liquids for “open tank” products that typically are sold by vape shops and are more commonly used by adults, according to a senior administration official who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to describe internal deliberations.The targeted flavors will include fruity and minty cartridges but not menthol — a significant retreat from an earlier proposal — and tobacco ones. The official said the outcome was a compromise between administration officials pushing a comprehensive ban promised by Trump in September and others worried about the political fallout stemming from potential job losses in thousands of vape shops across the country. That concern was ?underscored by comments the president made on New Year’s Eve about safeguarding the industry.Harold Wimmer, president and chief executive of the American Lung Association, said in a statement Wednesday that the White House plan “will only compromise the health of our nation’s children” and that it was “disturbing to see the results of industry lobbying to undermine public health protections.”His comments echoed the views of several public health groups, including the American Academy of Pediatrics, Truth Initiative and the Campaign for ?Tobacco-Free Kids. All argue that teens addicted to the nicotine in e-cigs will quickly switch to ?menthol- or tobacco-flavored pods if those are the only ones being sold.“We needed major surgery and instead what we got is a bad Band-Aid,”said Robin Koval,  chief executive and president of  Truth Initiative . Former Food and Drug Administration commissioner Scott Gott?lieb, who has argued for months that cartridge-based  products should be removed from the market because of their appeal to teens,also warned that the administration’s decision would have only “a limited impact.” He said all pod-based  products — including menthol and tobacco  flavors —  should  be blocked and only the open-tank products left on the market for adult users.Greg Conley, president of the advocacy group American Vaping Association, vigorously disputed the criticisms.“The products being impacted appear to be significant contributors to the recent rise in teen usage,” he said. “To say this is not going to do anything is pure political rhetoric.”The company Juul, which dominates the e-cigarette market and has been blamed for igniting the youth-vaping rise, already has stopped selling e-cigarette pods except for menthol- and tobacco-flavored ones. It has denied marketing to youth.Other brands, including NJOY and Vuse, have continued to offer an array of flavored pods.Trump had pledged tough action in September, suggesting it was crucial to keep all flavored products out of children’s hands. Some administration officials feel that a recent federal law increasing the minimum age for buying tobacco products to 21 now gives them cover to do less.Asked about the new vaping policy on New Year’s Eve at Mar-a-Lago in Florida, Trump told reporters that “we have to protect our families. At the same time, it’s a big industry. We want to protect the industry.”The next battle in the vaping controversy is already underway; manufacturers face a court-ordered May deadline for submitting product applications to the FDA. Companies that don’t submit applications could have their products forced off the market. But those removed from the market in coming months under the ban could return if their applications are approved.The FDA must conclude that the products, which so far have been lightly regulated, provide a net public health benefit.The president seemed to reference this next stage in his remarks Tuesday night. “Hopefully, if everything is safe, they’re going to be going very quickly back onto the market,” he said.Vaping interests hope to delay the deadline or reduce what they describe as onerous and costly application requirements. They argue that small companies don’t have the financial resources to complete the process and that many will be shut down if there isn’t relief.The hope is to persuade federal officials to streamline the application process, said Paul Blair, director of strategic initiatives at the conservative Americans for Tax Reform.Since the moment Trump pledged a vaping ban, vape shops and their allies have portrayed a crackdown as an existential threat to small businesses — one that could affect the election. Blair presented key White House advisers with estimates about the impact of vapers’ anger in critical battleground states such as Michigan. Vaping interests staged protests this fall in Washington and in cities where Trump was speaking, invoking a “We Vape, We Vote” slogan.In November, the night before the administration was set to announce a broad flavor ban, Trump balked. Since then, administration officials have been holding weekly meetings to come up with a policy solution that would split the difference between the political concerns of Brad Parscale, the president’s campaign manager, and staffers focused on public health.Led by White House Domestic Policy Council Director Joe Grogan, the meetings were frequently attended by principals in the administration, including senior White House adviser Kellyanne Conway.Several weeks ago, Trump held a meeting with vaping advocates, public health groups and tobacco executives to try to find common ground. Conley, who attended the roundtable representing the American Vaping Association, said Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar asked a vaping group to estimate the percentage of members’ sales that were closed-pod systems vs. open-tank e-liquids.  Conley said Azar wanted to know what  the impact  would be of  a  ban on the first but not the second. The Department of Health and Human Services and the FDA declined to comment Wednesday. The White House did not respond to a request for comment.Just before Trump left to spend Christmas at Mar-a-Lago,  he signed off on the new plan.  Now White House   staffers  would like to get the issue behind them. While first lady Melania Trump has expressed concerns about teen vaping, it’s “not really an issue that the president is deeply plugged in on,” one administration official said.  
    By Laurie and Josh 20/01/02 249 0 0
  • President Trump suggested that some e-cigarette flavors could be taken off the market in order to combat underage vaping.While vague about details, Trump said  Tuesday the federal government will offer a new strategy to tackle the issue soon. “We’re going to protect our families, we’re going to protect our children, and we’re going to protect the industry,” Trump said.He suggested that “certain flavors” of e-cigarette cartridges would be taken off the market “for a period of time.”The Food and Drug Administration is expected to ban the sale of most flavored e-cigarettes, according to a Tuesday report from The Wall Street Journal, citing “people familiar with the matter.”The only exceptions would be e-cigarette pods that taste like tobacco or menthol, according to the report.Users of tank-based vaping systems will also still be allowed to custom mix flavors because those kinds of vapes aren’t as popular among teens, according to The Journal.It was at a New Year’s Eve party at his Florida resort, Mar-a-Lago, where he told reporters that a ban of flavored e-cigarettes could be temporary.“Hopefully, if everything’s safe, they’re going to be going very quickly back onto the market," he said.“People have died from this, they died from vaping," Trump said. “We think we understand why. But we’re doing a very exhaustive examination and hopefully, everything will be back on the market very, very shortly."He added: “Look, vaping can be good from the standpoint — you look at the e-cigarettes, you stop smoking. If you can stop smoking, that’s a big advantage. So, we think we’re going to get it back on the market very, very quickly."The president and his top health officials had said they would ban flavored e-cigarettes back in September because those fruity flavors appeal to teens and children.However, vaping lobbyists pushed back on those efforts and White House advisers told Trump it could cost him votes with adults who vape if he went through with the ban.Starting in May, the FDA will review all e-cigarettes and only those with demonstrated benefits to U.S. public health will be allowed to stay on the market.Last month, Trump also signed a bill into law that raised the legal age for buying tobacco products to 21 from 18.
    By Ann Schmidt 20/01/02 242 0 0
  • (NEW YORK) — Teenagers who vape nicotine are trying e-cigarettes earlier in life than they were a few years, alarming new research finds.The number of e-cigarette smokers who reported starting the habit for the first time when they were 14 years old or younger has tripled since 2014, which is the first year that e-cigarettes were included on a national survey about tobacco use among students.“I think it is related to the big increases we are seeing overall in the numbers of kids who are vaping,” said Rebecca Evans-Polce, lead author of the new study, which was published Thursday in the American Journal of Public Health.“Many kids, even younger kids, do not see vaping as risky,” added Evans-Polce, who is also an assistant research scientist at the University of Michigan School of Nursing.While the study did not specifically examine why students were taking up vaping earlier in life, there’s some evidence to support the theory that kids don’t understand the risks of vaping. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, roughly two-thirds of Juul users between the ages of 15 and 24 did not know that Juul e-cigarettes always contain nicotine.The new study utilized data from the National Youth Tobacco Survey, which is conducted annually in middle and high schools around the country, and includes responses from more than 26,600 students between 2014 and 2018.Among students who reported lifetime use of e-cigarettes in 2014, 63% said they started using e-cigarettes when they were 16 or 17 years old. By 2018, the number of e-cigarette users who said they started at 16 or 17 had fallen to 43%.During that same time period, however, younger teenagers reported trying e-cigarettes earlier in life. In 2014, just 9% of teenagers who used e-cigarettes reported starting at age 14 or younger. By 2018, that number had risen to 29%.There was no significant change in the age that lifetime smokers said they started using traditional cigarettes between 2014 and 2018, with roughly half of student smokers saying they first tried cigarettes when they were 14 years old or younger.Early uptake of traditional cigarettes is associated with a host of health problems, including the potential for developing dependence on cigarettes and an increased risk of becoming addicted to other substances, like drugs and alcohol. Starting young also lengthens the duration a smoker will spend using cigarettes, which ups their chances of developing lung cancer down the road, according to the National Institutes of Health.As it stands, most smokers start early, with 90% of cigarette smokers starting before age 18 and 98% of smokers starting before age 26, the CDC reports.Amid national concerns about youth vaping, Congress is poised to change the age to purchase e-cigarettes, as well as to purchase traditional tobacco products, to 21.
    By ABC Radio 19/12/25 243 0 0
  • Washington D.C. (CNN) -- Big changes for the tobacco and vaping industries. The U.S. has raised the minimum age for buying tobacco products to 21.President Donald Trump signed several major health provision in a sweeping spending bill late Friday night.Including raising the minimum age to purchase tobacco products to 21.According to the campaign for tobacco-free kids, 19 states and Washington D.c., along with hundreds of towns had already raised the minimum age from 18.And the measure on a federal level has long had bipartisan support.President Trump has spoken in the past of wanting to raise the minimum age to purchase tobacco and flavored e-cigarettes.Health officials and parents continue to have concerns about the growing popularity of vaping among young people and the outbreak of vaping-related lung injuries and deaths.According to the latest federal survey, 1 in 4 high school seniors admitted to vaping nicotine.But despite the new age restrictions, some advocates say the youth epidemic will continue unless vaping products are banned completely.The new law will take effect sometime next year.But in Iowa, laws already prohibit people under the age of 18 from purchasing or possessing not only tobacco products but also vaping products.The Sioux City Police Department says between January 1 and December 1 of this year, 126 citations have been issued to teens for possessing tobacco, nicotine alternatives or vaping products.Sioux City police say 104 of those citations for the possession of vaping products. Fines for underage possession of vaping products start at $50 for a first offense and increase up to $150 for subsequent offenses.As part of an effort to keep these products from teens, the SCPD is participating in the Iowa Alcohol Beverage Division's iPLEDGE initiative.The initiative is an effort to get 100-percent compliance with Iowa's laws on selling these products by retailers. The Alcohol Beverage Division offers free training to retailers and their employees on preventing sells of tobacco, nicotine alternatives, and vapor products to minors.The SCPD is also in the process of checking compliance with Iowa laws by retailers.Officers with the Special Investigations Unit will be sending people under 18 into stores to attempted to purchase these products.The teens are instructed to show their ID if requested and steps are taken to make no effort to mislead sales clerks. Should a clerk sell to a minor, they will be issued a citation fining them $100.The goal of the checks is to obtain 100% compliance by retailers. The ABD reports that statewide, there is a 91% compliance rate.
    By KTIV.COM 19/12/25 240 0 0
  • To avoid a government shutdown, President Donald Trump signed a $1.4 trillion spending package Friday. The package will halt the possibility of a government shutdown until next fall, earmark money for dealing with gun violence and raise the legal age for buying tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and vaping cartridges, from 18 to 21.The law will go into effect next summer.Jamie Calliham, owner of Cannabliss in Greenwood, does not think increasing the minimum legal sales age to 21 is the best thing, but he thinks it can take some focus away from the scrutiny the vaping industry has endured over the past couple of months concerning illegal cartridges being linked to traditional vaping, which he said are “false claims.”“I don’t know how much it will help, but we definitely want to keep it out the hands of underage people and keep it in adults’ hands because that’s what this was designed for,” Calliham said. “It wasn’t designed for kids or teenagers. It was designed for adults.”He said he thinks increasing the minimum age will help decrease underage smoking, but acknowledges that “just because something’s illegal or they’re trying to prevent it, doesn’t mean that it’s going to help.”He said vape shops will lose some business because of the gap between 18 and 21, and customers who fit in that demographic will not be able buy products.“It might be what’s best to stop people under 18 from using it,” he said.Billy O’Sullivan, manager of Vapetopia’s Greenwood locations, does not think it will solve all underage smoking problems — and, while he wants clarity, he does think “we’re moving in the right direction.”“Anybody in the industry knew it was coming from the start,” O’Sullivan said. “We also knew it was never going to be a win-win for us. There were going to be concessions that had to be made. My hope is that the age gap gives them (people 20 and under) the time to mature to make the decision not to buy for the underage kids.”O’Sullivan does think there should be a grandfather clause that allows current vapers between18 and 20 to continue vaping.“I think it would be wrong to not implement a grandfather clause,” he said. “You can’t give them the right and then take it. That’s not right.”There are currently no employees at Vapetopia ages 21 or older, and O’Sullivan wants to know if his employees will legally be able to sell tobacco products similar to how 18-year-olds in most states are permitted to serve alcohol.“It’s a lot questions. We need clarity,” he said.While O’Sullivan does think the provision is a step in the right direction, he thinks “there are so many options that could have done much more.”He suggests to cap the nicotine between 24 and 30%, and to stop selling tobacco products in convenience stores because, he argues, employees do not care enough to check IDs and prevent underage tobacco consumption.“Vaping was not created to addict children to nicotine,” he said. “Vaping was created as a harm-reduction tool to get off cigarettes, and that’s what it’s still being used for.”Convenience stores sell disposable vape pods, which O’Sullivan said are more accessible because of the price point they are being sold at and their size. Regular vape and tobacco shops sell vape pens, which are typically more expensive and larger in size than pods.“They can’t afford it. They can’t hide it,” he said.E-commerce is a way underage smokers are buying vapes, too, O’Sullivan said. He suggests third-party identification technology could help solve online and in-person transactions. He said a customer would upload a picture of a driver’s license and a third-party identification system would communicate to the seller if the license is valid.“I think if there were third-party verification implemented, that would do more than anything,” he said.O’Sullivan and Vapetopia are members of the South Carolina Vapor Association, along with about 20 other shops in the state.“The biggest threat to this industry, in my opinion, isn’t the federal level. It’s the state level,” he said. “No matter what Trump does, the state can do what they want. The state still has senators saying vaping is killing you four months after it was proven that it’s not.”O’Sullivan is for doing anything that will help curb youth vaping while keeping the option open to adults, but he and vape shops at the state level want a say on the decisions being made in their state.“They’re not reaching out to us. They’re making these decisions based on people who have nothing to do with this industry saying things,” he said. “We’ve got to fight for our rights in this state.”
    By JONATHAN LIMEHOUSE 19/12/25 250 0 0
  • E-cigarettes may be as risky as smoking tobacco at increasing the potential for bacterial infections in the lungs, researchers believe.There is "little difference" in the effect of tobacco smoke and e-cigarette vapour on bacteria often found in the lungs, experts at Queen's University Belfast found.They found an increase in the potential of bacteria to cause harm when exposed to both cigarette smoke extract and e-cigarette vapour.The changes could lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an umbrella term which includes emphysema and bronchitis, and asthma, they say.The study authors are calling for "urgent" further research into the long-term effects of vaping.The researchers compared the effects of smoke extracted from Marlboro red cigarettes to the vapour from a best-selling device, in moths and samples of human cells that line the airway.The paper reads: "Exposure of respiratory pathogens to e-cigarette vapour induced changes in phenotype and virulence, which may increase bacterial persistence and inflammatory potential."These changes were similar, and in some cases exceeded, those observed following bacterial exposure to cigarette smoke and suggest that there is little difference between the effect of (cigarette smoke and e-cigarette vapour)."There is therefore an urgent need for further robust clinical studies investigating and clarifying the long-term effect of e-cigarette use on both airway cells and respiratory pathogens, to enable a better-informed judgment to be made regarding their safety."Dr Deirdre Gilpin, researcher from the School of Pharmacy at Queen's University and lead author, added: "This study shows us that vaping may carry the same risk as cigarette smoke in increasing the susceptibility to bacterial infection."Experts generally agree that vaping is safer than smoking, but the jury is out on the potential long-term implications and how safe it is.In November, leading cardiologists published research suggesting vaping could damage the brain, heart, blood vessels and lungs, while the European Respiratory Society more recently said it cannot back vaping as a safe way to quit smoking.Other researchers say they observed clear early benefits in switching from smoking to vaping on vascular function, in a trial by the University of Dundee.The authors of the current study say that to fully assess the changes, tests on mammal models need to be undertaken.They also say they may have underestimated the exposure of the bacteria to e-cigarettes because they used similar delivery methods for the vapour and tobacco smoke.In practical terms, research has found that e-cigarette users typically take larger and longer puffs compared with traditional smokers.The authors also used unflavoured e-cigarettes in the study, while they say other research has shown a link between flavourings and additives and changes in bronchial cells.Professor Jose Bengoechea, director of the Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine and co-author of the study said: "Worryingly, e-cigarette vapour as well as cigarette smoke increases the harmful potential of already dangerous infections, in addition to the well-known detrimental effect on lung function."At the very least this work should open a frank debate on vaping safety."Prof Peter Hajek, director of the Tobacco Dependence Research Unit, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), said: "The study explores an interesting topic, but as with all such experiments using petri dishes, moths, and huge levels of exposure, the question arises as to how this translates to humans."Some evidence from humans exists, and it points in the opposite direction."Not only do smokers with respiratory illness who switch to vaping seem to experience at least the same improvements as unaided quitters, there are some signs that vaping may in fact protect vapers from respiratory infections."
    By RTE.IE 19/12/19 252 0 1